Musculoskeletal pain is common among people of all ages. A minor accident or sports injury can happen to anyone. This pain affects the support structures, including ligaments, bones, muscles, and tendons, which leads to difficulty in movement. It can affect the entire body or can cause pain in certain body parts, such as a twisted ankle or pulled muscle. Sometimes the pain is so severe that it does not let people sleep and leave them fatigued.
Fortunately, there are several ways to treat musculoskeletal pain. Read on to know about the treatment techniques of musculoskeletal pain.
Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain
Before we jump to the treatment of musculoskeletal pain, let’s first get to know its symptoms.
The symptoms of musculoskeletal pain depend on two aspects - acute or chronic pain; and whether it is caused by overuse of a muscle or an injury. Its symptoms may vary from person to person; some of the most common symptoms are:
- Stiffness or aching in the body
- Localized pain
- The sensation of muscles burning
- Muscles overworked or pulled
- Sleep disturbances
- Twitching muscles
Treatments for Musculoskeletal Pain
01 – Physiatry
In case of having severe musculoskeletal pain, a physiatrist can help you to treat this pain and regain mobility. Physiatry includes a combination of physical therapy and pain relief to treat disorders and injuries. Physical and occupational therapy exercises help people restore the strength of the body, range of motion, and ability to perform tasks which are otherwise difficult with musculoskeletal pain.
02 – Chiropractic Care
Pain caused by the interaction of musculoskeletal system with the nervous system is treated with Chiropractic care. In this type of therapy, experts perform hands-on treatment and mainly focus on spinal manipulation. The chiropractic implies a specific force to joints of the spine that cannot move properly as a result of muscle damage or injury.
03 – Osteopathic Manipulation Therapy
Just like Chiropractic, Osteopathic Manipulation Therapy also involves hands-on care for musculoskeletal pain. Osteopathic physicians apply OMT to improve range of motion, relieve pain, and promote healing. Resistance, stretching, and gentle pressure are used to heal inflamed tissues and calm muscle spasms. OMT is the best therapy for back and neck pain treatment.
04 – Exercise: Stretching and Strengthening
People with weak muscles and limber are more susceptible to musculoskeletal pain. Exercising regularly prepare your muscles to deal with strains, aches, and pains. Not only that, but it also provides more support to different joints, such as knees and elbows, which result in fewer injuries. Stretching exercises make muscles flexible and strong which help in releasing muscle soreness.
05 – Therapeutic Massage
In ancient times, people used therapeutic massage to treat musculoskeletal pain. It is still popular today due to its effective results. Massage therapists press and rub sore muscles, which results in softening tissues and muscles. Some therapists focus on applying pressure to force tangled muscles, while other forms of massage use kneading movements and long strokes to relax the muscles.
06 – Yoga and Meditation
Some people prefer to go for yoga and meditation to relax their body and control musculoskeletal pain. These relaxation techniques have proven to reduce hormone levels which cause stress. Also, meditation decreases the amount of pain one perceives. Apart from treating musculoskeletal pain, it also improves heart rate, muscle tension, and blood pressure.
07 – Acupuncture and Acupressure
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine and technique; in which experts insert thin metal needles into the skin to treat musculoskeletal pain. These needles are placed at specific locations on the body to stimulate energy points. Acupressure follows the same principle as acupuncture. The only difference is acupressure involves putting pressure on certain body points with fingers instead of inserting needles into them.
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